Prevent Virus

Today I will share best practices to prevent virus on computer. We need to tweak some settings on Folder Options and Autoplay Settings. I will explain why it is important:

  1. Show hidden files and folders. Virus is usually hidden so normal user won’t see them.
  2. Show protected operating system files. Some virus maker will make their virus as operating system file so it is more difficult to distinguish.
  3. Show extensions for known file types. Virus often trap user by disguise as other file type. Example: the virus icon is image, but actually it is an exe. Next time you see image.exe file, don’t click it.
  4. Disable autoplay. Autoplay is common way virus inject into our computer. When virus contaminated flashdisk is plugged in, the virus is automatically run and infect our computer.

Fix Mouse Double Click

Have a broken mouse double click? Don’t throw it away yet. You can fix it. After repair, mouse will work again like a new mouse.

Under click button, there is a switch. Inside switch, there is a metal spring. Single click registered as double click caused by accumulated dust on metal contact area. Clean it by swiping screwdriver.

Disable Touchpad When Mouse is Connected

Have you ever accidentally click touchpad while typing? This is sometime can be annoying. Touchpad position between hands is prone to accidental click.

All laptops come with touchpad. But we rarely use it. Most of us will still plug in a mouse. We can disable touchpad to save power. The step is pretty simple:

With this failover setting, you can still use touchpad as emergency backup if you forgot to bring mouse. Touchpad will automatically active when mouse is unplugged and vice versa.

Override Windows Default Print Screen Button to Snip & Sketch

After taking screenshot, sometimes we need to crop the image on parts that we don’t want to show. There is more efficient way to do it. Windows 10 come with Snip & Sketch, a print screen tool.

We can override default Print Screen button behaviour to open Snip & Sketch automatically:

Snip & Sketch offer 4 different powerful print screen type:

  1. Rectangular snip. This is particularly useful for showing a part of window.
  2. Freeform snip. This can be useful for liquid shaped object.
  3. Window snip. Use this to take screenshot of a window. Snip & Sketch will automatically crop area outside of window.
  4. Fullscreen snip. Take full screen screenshot.

Print screen result is automatically pasted on Snip & Sketch. We can draw highlight mark if needed. We can also directly share the screenshot as email attachment.

DMARC

DMARC is Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting & Conformance. DMARC is an email authentication, policy, and reporting protocol. DMARC builds on the widely deployed SPF and DKIM protocols, adding linkage to the author (“From:”) domain name, published policies for recipient handling of authentication failures, and reporting from receivers to senders, to improve and monitor protection of the domain from fraudulent email.

DMARC is designed to fit into an organization’s existing inbound email authentication process. The way it works is to help email receivers determine if the purported message “aligns” with what the receiver knows about the sender. If not, DMARC includes guidance on how to handle the “non-aligned” messages.

At a high level, DMARC is designed to satisfy the following requirements:

  • Minimize false positives.
  • Provide robust authentication reporting.
  • Assert sender policy at receivers.
  • Reduce successful phishing delivery.
  • Work at Internet scale.
  • Minimize complexity.

Anatomy of a DMARC resource record in the DNS:

“v=DMARC1;p=reject;pct=100;rua=mailto:postmaster@dmarcdomain.com”

How to deploy DMARC:

Email Default Address

It is possible to set a catch all email. Catch any email that is sent to an invalid email address for your domain.

While it seems a good idea to avoid potential customers mistyped our email and lead to sales loss, it’s a heaven for spammer. Because every random email abc@yourdomain.com, xyz@yourdomain.com are valid. Resulting you will receive all spams in your inbox.

So it is the best to leave to default option: discard the email while your server processes it by SMTP time with an error message.

Two Factor Authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) is an improved security measure that requires two forms of identification: your password and a generated security code. With 2FA enabled, an application on your smartphone supplies a code that you must enter with your password to log in.

Two-factor authentication requires a smartphone with a supported time-based one-time password (TOTP) app. We use Google Authenticator apps that available on Android, iOS, and Blackberry.

To configure two-factor authentication, perform the following steps:

  1. Login to cPanel.
  2. Click Two-Factor Authentication icon.
  3. Click setup Two-Factor Authentication.
  4. Install Google Authenticator apps on your smartphone.
  5. Scan the displayed QR code on cPanel with Google Authenticator.
  6. Enter the six-digit security code from Google Authenticator to cPanel Security Code text box.
  7. Click Configure Two Factor Authentication button.

Apache 2.4 and PHP 7

We have upgraded web server to Apache 2.4. Apache 2.4 performance improved by multiple innovations. It is the fastest version of Apache by far.

Coupled with Apache, we upgraded to PHP 7.1. It is become default setting for all clients. PHP 7 bring explosive performance improvements. PHP 7 is 2x faster performance than PHP 5.6.

Paper Lantern cPanel Theme

We have update all clients account default to use the new Paper Lantern cPanel theme. Paper Lantern is the new modern and sophisticated new cPanel theme. Paper Lantern is mobile friendly that scale to fit any devices.

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